Theseus’s ship is a thought experiment designed to make you question your identity.
Theseus was a great hero in ancient Greek mythology. On his adventures, he sailed on a famous ship. Traveling the high seas and battling monsters and gods caused wear and tear on the ship. So over time, Theseus replaced parts of his ship which had worn out. After many years, Theseus had replaced every single part of the ship piece by piece. So the question is, if every piece has been replaced, is it still the same ship?
Now here is what is really going to knock out of your chair. Imagine someone kept all of the discarded pieces and put them back together. Now you have two Theseus’s ships, so the question is which is the real one? The idea here is that identity is continuous. Each person alters over time piece by piece, and so eventually you are a completely different person as the one you started out as. So because your body keeps replicating cells and changing things, and your body sheds and whatnot, are you still the same person that you were 10 years ago, or are you someone completely different.
If that was not mind blowing enough for you, let me introduce you to the Boltzmann brain. To understand what a Boltzmann brain is, imagine the universe in a far-flung future.
entropy and the expansion of the universe, everything will one day no longer
exist. The universe
will have unraveled from itself, leaving nothing but an infinite amount of
empty space, except it will not be entirely being empty. Space will experience
random thermal fluctuations.
So if the
universe is infinite, then that means every possible configuration of
fluctuation happens. And as bizarre as it might seem, sometimes these
fluctuations will perfectly recreate a temporary version of ourselves. Those
are called Boltzmann brains.
If they exist, it is mathematically likely that we are currently living inside one of these fluctuations. That means we are a strange temporary approximation of people who once lived perhaps billions of years ago. So you are you, but you are also someone else that was you, but you are that person, but you are only you….oh God…. never mind, I will let myself out.
Is it possible that we are not real, and we do not even know it? This present moment what you are experiencing right now, is this consciousness and is this as close as you get to reality?
What is reality? Scientists from all over the world are trying to wrap their minds around this question of what this foggy state of the mind is. But is it really a foggy state we seem to be stuck in? Is it a strange kind of overlapping of different frames of space-time in where energy is forming its own density and, for us, recognizable objects? If our current understanding of physics is correct, then, it is impossible to simulate the whole universe, with its trillions and trillions of things. But we do not actually need to. We only need enough universe to fool the inhabitants of our simulation, or simulations, into thinking that they are real.
Who needs billions of galaxies, we only need the space to explore. The vast universe could just be a flat projection, and we would have no way to know it. Your body might feel like it is filled with bubbly things, but it might be empty, until you open it. The minimum requirement for our simulation is only the consciousness of the ‘virtual human’ and for this to ‘think’ the simulation is real. So, is our reality being simulated? Well, that is one hell of a tricky question! It is probably one of the deepest questions you have ever asked in your life and believe it or not, it is not entirely impossible to answer this question although the answer is so radical that it cannot be communicated with (written) words. But let me try to do so anyway.
Imagine a large mirror. As soon as we stand in front of it, we start making strange and funny faces. Why do we do so? Is this an attempt for self-recognition due the fact we cannot see our own image (face) that often as we see that of others? Or is it more an expression by means of a slight shock after the bubble of a false self image has burst and an actual self-recognition occurs?
Some of you may say, “Why bother, it is just a reflection. It is not even real!” But if the reflection of a dens object is an illusion, it would mean that the original object, in this case you, should be an illusion either. In other words, you are an illusion. Does this mean that, as we are standing in front of a mirror, we try to recognize of what we really are? I mean, is this behavior a natural reaction, or reflex, to make it easier for our brain to correct what it is registering and combining this visible image with what it is it ‘thinks’ of its self to be. Hum, reality as we have become so familiar with is slowly starting to be a scary realm.
It seems that we humans are unable to experience the true nature of the universe in an unfiltered manner. Our senses and brains are yet not evolved enough and can only process a fraction of the world. So we have to use concepts and tools, to learn about the true nature of reality. Unfortunately, technological progress has not only widened our knowledge about the universe, it also made us aware of unsettling possibilities in e.g. quantum entanglement.
Is there is something deeper to ‘reality’ than just what we have been told? Is there is something we have missed, something we cannot quite put our finger on what it might be. But there has to be something there…right?
Questions what makes the mind wrestle with itself yet the possibility of what you consider to be ‘reality’ might not be real at all. You might be simulated by yourself.
Okay, okay… all of this is based on a lot of assumptions that science cannot really test right now what makes many people disagree with this thought experiment. Nevertheless, I would not recommend for you to burn your house down to test if there will be glitches. You might be on a small planet speeding through eternal nothingness, or a simulation inside a computer.
All that we can do is hoping that, if we actually are simulations in a supercomputer, nobody trips over the power cable.
Of course we only see one minute of a long story but let’s imagine that the information of this journalist being quickly taken care of by concerned medical staff after he was hit by a rubber coated bullet has not given to you in front, what would be your instant thoughts by watching this one minute clip?
If I may throw in an idea…I think many would have drawn the conclusion that this journalist was being brutally besieged by an angry crowd. Right?
Beside trying to bring your attention to the, sometimes harrowing, world issues, we journalists are human too and also have a personal opinion concerning the topics we work with each day. Opinions and thoughts we, like you, do like to express every now and than!
Personally I am working with bright and open minded scientists and citizen scientists from all over the world and…honestly…it is immensely annoying when again someone is walking up to me, telling me that science is destroying faith, peoples believes or even humanity in general. Please, do not confuse the scientists with the science. Scientists are people too!
Imagine being alive when Albert Einstein was developing his theories of relativity. Or witnessing the birth of psychology, as Sigmund Freud and psychoanalysis took over the scientific mainstream. The early 1900s was indeed an amazing time for Western science. But there was another figure on the intellectual scene when these great minds were at work.
Young philosopher Karl Popper, born in Austria and built his career in Britain, was giving serious consideration to the new ways that these and other scientists of the time were thinking about the world. And after looking at different methods that people like Einstein and Freud were using, Popper came to understand that not all scientific achievement was created equal. He ended up making an important distinction, between science what he called ‘pseudo-science’. And in the process of doing this, he taught us volumes about the nature of knowledge itself, and how we can best test it, challenge it and to bring us closer to the truth.
As a young scholar, he learned about the psychoanalytic theories of Freud, attended lectures given by Einstein himself about the rules of the universe and he noticed that these great thinkers used different methods. Popper observed that Freud was able to make just about any data point work in service of his theory. For example, he could explain a person’s intimacy issues both in terms of not being hugged enough as a child, or in terms of having been hugged too much. Evidence to support Freud’s theories seemed to be everywhere!
Popper saw that Einstein was making a different type of prediction. Instead of looking backward, and using past data to “predict” the present, he was looking ahead, and predicting future states of affairs. Einstein’s theory was truly risky, Popper realized, if the future didn’t match his predictions, then his theory would be conclusively disproven. If the results of the solar eclipse in 1919 had been different, general relativity would have been finished. Freud, on the other hand, could always read the past differently, so as to maintain some kind of confirmation of his theory. Suddenly, Popper understood the difference between the science that Einstein was doing, and what Freud was doing, which Popper rather snootily referred to as pseudo-science. Now, whether psychology today is considered a hard science or a social science might be debatable. But you won’t find many mainstream thinkers who consider it pseudoscience. Still, nearly a hundred years ago, when Popper was reaching these conclusions, none had really characterized what “science” truly meant and what the implications were for the pursuit of knowledge.
If you’re a scientist, you’re gonna have to be willing to let your beliefs go. Accept the evidence. Move on. And this is the modern scientific thinking that we accept today: Testable, refutable, and falsifiable. You don’t seek to prove scientific hypotheses right, you only prove them wrong. Sigmund Freud and Albert Einstein, Karl Popper observed these developments firsthand and came to draw a distinction between what he referred to as science and pseudoscience, which might best be summarized as science disconfirms, while pseudoscience confirms. While the way we describe these disciplines has changed in the intervening years, Popper’s ideas speak to the heart of how we arrive at knowledge. Obvious? That shows how right Popper was – he was a philosopher and actually managed to hit on an idea so right that we don’t even really argue about it anymore. For Popper, knowledge was about probability and contingency.
And so we may conclude that pseudo-science does not speak of someone’s hypothesis, theories or methods not adhering to accepted scientific standards. These idea’s do contain scientific research whereby scientists and citizen-scientists have used an open-minded curiosity what has taken their thoughts beyond the borders of the safe outlines of any schoolbook. I feel it would be a lost for possible new ways in modern science when these theories, which do tickle the mind in many ways, have only one direction…the bottom drawer of a forgotten desk standing in a dusty attic after rejection and gaining this infamous mark ‘pseudo-science’.
Many, many people in the world have watched the images via their television or via You Tube with a feeling of shock. A church providing 13 million visitors each year that much beauty and history is gone with in a few hours. So sad ;(
As I heard the words; “The Notre Dame is on fire!” I could not believe it. I truly thought it was a joke but it did not take me long to jump into reality… the Notre Dame was indeed being destroyed by a tremendous fire. Centauries of history started to disappear in a thick black smoke while the fire. What can I say, it is indeed a devastating tragedy for many.
The latest news tells us that there where no human casualties. Thank god for that.
This is a great on-line, and yes, real paper magazine, that explores the unexplainable; with real science from known experts to citizen scientist.
Some of the amazing contributors to this magazine: http://nexttruth.com/?page_id=24181
– Nick Pope, freelance British journalist, History Channel commentator and formerly of the British Government’s Ministry of Defense
– World-renowned archaeologist Dr. Hawass, former Egyptian Minister of Antiquities, Director of Excavations at Giza, Saqqara, Bahariya Oasis, and the Valley of the Kings.
– Physics Professor and Ph.D, Dr. William John Murray – CERN
– Professor of Physics, Brian Keating , Astrophysics & Space Sciences, University of California, San Diego
– Assist. Professor of Mathematics, Jay Hall -Howard College, Texas
– Dr. Srini Pillay, a world leading neuroscientist and assistant Professor of Psychiatry, Harvard Medical School. A must read!
You can stream the audio version of my article, “The Intuitive Healer” chapter 4, taken from “Finding the Alchemist within” live on your music service at: https://artist.landr.com/music/628810101696
This is the first of many to come this year… as we complete the audio-book version of our first paperback!
As e.g. a Master/Teacher of Usui Shiki Ryoho Traditional and Angelic Reiki, Tony Damian has experience in Ancient Tribal and Indigenous healing practices since 1985. His career history spans many different fields until that came to abrupt end in 1982 with a freak, near fatal accident what forced Tony to became his own health-care provider.
The Next Truth magazine is always looking for the most interesting stories, articles and interviews…
With pride we announce that she may present to you no less then two chapters from Tony Damian‘s latest book “Finding the Alchemist within” in the issues February and March 2019.
Syriza leader Alexis Tsipras (inset left) wants longer to repay part of his country’s £185bn bailout, demanding a debt-wiping conference similar to that held for post-war Germany in 1953 – and his supporters have made their antipathy towards the German Chancellor clear on the streets of Athens (centre). But Angela Merkel (inset right) has ruled out cancelling any of the stricken country’s repayments in the first of what are set to be a string of standoffs between the pair.
according to the writings of Nostradamus; (With the Leopard he meant Greece….the Boar as a coat of arms well that is a long list but let’s say EUROPE perhaps?
With the Eagle there are two possibilities; the USA and Germany. The sun aka ‘the Lion’ hmmm I vote for England )
Brainwave bands, Knight Rider-style cars and helmets inspired by Iron Man unveiled
The Consumer Electronics Show (CES) takes place in Las Vegas this week
Intel used the event to release details about tiny wearable computers
Audi teased a smartwatch that summons a car like Kitt in Knight Rider
Startups unveiled an Iron Man-style augmented reality helmet, and a X Men-inspired headband that can read your brainwaves
While robotic spiders and cargo drones have also been on display
Gadgets inspired by the works of science fiction appear to have influenced many of the latest devices being showcased on day three of this year’s Consumer Electronics Show in Vegas.
Major firms such as Intel used the event to release details about tiny wearable computers, while Audi teased a smartwatch that can summon a self-driving car, reminiscent of Kitt in Knight Rider.
Elsewhere, start-ups unveiled an Iron Man-style augmented reality helmet, and an X-Men-inspired headband that can read your brainwaves.
The Muse sensing headband (pictured) dubbed a ‘brain fitness tool’ that measures brain signals much like a heart rate monitor senses a heartbeat. A total of seven sensors – two on the forehead, two behind the ears plus three reference sensors – detect and measure the activity of the wearer’s brain
The Muse band uses technology similar to that used by Electroencephalography (EEG) machines and takes inspiration from the Cerebro machine in X-Men (fitted to Professor Xavier played by Patrick Stewart pictured)
CES takes place in Las Vegas each year and thousands of manufacturers show off their gadgets and cutting-edge technology.
The show runs until Friday, but many of the major announcements have already taken place.
In her new book on the legitimacy of the Windsor family to the UK Crown [Saints or Sons of Perdition: UKs George V & Edward VIII], US citizen Emily Elizabeth Windsor-Cragg, the reported daughter of UK King Edward VIII (1994-1972), has documented her case that World War II was a False Flag operation constructed around three half brothers. One half-brother, King Edward VIII, was the sitting UK monarch in 1936. The second half-brother was Adolph Hitler, then German Chancellor, and illegitimate son of King George V, born out of an occult Order of the Bath ritual.
Royal Family Freemason faction stages coup against King Edward VIII
The third half-brother was King George VI, a member of the Freemason faction of the Windsor family. The Royal Freemason faction staged a long-term coup against King Edward VIII, the rightful heir because Edward was God-adhering, opposed to Freemasonry, and was a social progressive who supported the labor unions. This was anathema to the Freemason faction of the Royal family.
As their principal honey trap in this long-term coup, the Royal Family Freemason faction uses Wallace Simpson, an MI5 double agent. Wallace Simpson has served as the confidential intermediary between father King George V and son Adolph Hitler when Hitler frequented England as a youth.
Ms. Windsor-Cragg documents her inside the “Windsor” family story with 15 years of photographic research and 17 years experience as a photo analyst (including 5 years at Xerox). She refutes one long-standing theory that Hitler was the illegitimate son of a Rothschild.